PENGARUH LATIHAN RANGE OF MOTION (ROM) ANKLE TERHADAP PROSES PENYEMBUHAN ULKUS KAKI DIABETIK DI RSUD Dr. Hi. ABDUL MOELOEK DAN RSUD JENDERAL A. YANI PROPINSI LAMPUNG

ihsan taufiq ihsan taufiq

Abstract


Ulkus kaki diabetik adalah komplikasi kronik diabetes melitus yang mengakibatkan kerusakan kulit yang dapat meluas ke tendon, otot, tulang atau persendian. Ulkus kaki, infeksi, neuroarthropati dan penyakit arteri perifer mengakibatkan gangren dan amputasi ekstremitas bagian bawah. Tujuan penelitian ini untuk mengetahui pengaruh latihan ROM ankle terhadap proses penyembuhan ulkus kaki diabetik di rumah sakit di propinsi Lampung. Penelitian ini menggunakan desain kuasi eksperimen pre post test dengan kelompok kontrol, melibatkan 7 responden kelompok intervensi dan 7 responden kelompok kontrol. Teknik pengambilan sampel dengan non probability consecutive sampling. Penelitian ini menggunakan t test, diperoleh hasil adanya perbedaan yang signifikan rata-rata skor penyembuhan ulkus kaki diabetik antara kelompok intervensi dan kelompok kontrol setelah dilakukan latihan ROM ankle (p= 0,001; α = 0,05 ). Demikian juga terbukti tidak ada hubungan antara lama sakit DM (p = 0,656 ; α = 0,05), GDN (p = 0,648 ; α = 0,05), GDPP (p = 0,883 ; α = 0,05) dan infeksi ulkus (p = 1,000; α = 0,05) dengan skor penyembuhan ulkus kaki diabetik. Peneliti memberikan saran agar latihan ROM ankle dapat diterapkan pada perawatan ulkus kaki diabetik sesuai dengan formula yang ada. Penelitian lebih lanjut perlu dilakukan dengan jenis gerakan yang lain, melibatkan tidak hanya sendi ankle. Selain itu dilakukan penelitian dengan jumlah sampel yang lebih besar.

Keywords


Ulkus kaki diabetik, latihan ROM ankle

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