Analisis Kebutuhan Keluarga Berencana yang Tidak Terpenuhi (Unmet Need) pada Wanita Usia Subur

Lanova Dwi Arde M., Sri Novita Lubis, Puteri Citra Cinta Asyura Nasution

Abstract


The high number of unmet needs affects the Total Fertility Rate (TFR) and birth spacing as well as the occurrence of unwanted pregnancies which also increases the risk of death in the mother. This study aims to analyze the unmet need for family planning in women of childbearing age in West Medan. This research is a quantitative study using a cross-sectional study design. The research sample was women of childbearing age in Karang Berombak Village, West Medan, Medan City. Samples were taken in 7 neighborhoods with a simple random method. Data obtained a sample of 162 people. The research data were analyzed using statistical software with logistic regression methods. The results showed that the number of unmet needs in Karang Berombak Village was 24.7%. Factors related to the incidence of unmet need, the decision to have KB is a decision by yourself / not involving the husband (Exp (B) 1.58 with a p-value of 0.02, after being controlled with the knowledge variable. The conclusion is that the number of unmet needs in Karang Village Wavy West Medan is still higher than the North Sumatra and the national rate. The factors that are associated with the incidence of unmet need are low levels of knowledge and the decision for family planning was the only women’s decision/not involving the husband. It is recommended to related agencies be more active in socializing about family planning and its side effects so that there is no misunderstanding about family planning.


Keywords


Family planning; Contraception; Childbearing age; Unmet need.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Ali, A. A. A., & Okud, A. (2013). Factors affecting unmet need for family planning in Eastern Sudan. BMC Public Health, 13, 102. https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-13-102

BKKBN. (2019). Survei Kinerja dan Akuntabilitas Program (SKAP 2019). Badan Kependudukan Dan Keluarga Berencana Nasional (BKKBN).

BKKBN, BPS, Kemenkes, & ICF Internasional. (2013). Survei Demografi dan Kesehatan Indonesia 2012. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1471-0528.2007.01580.x

BKKBN, BPS, Kemenkes, & Internasional, I. (2018). Survey Demografi dan Kesehatan Indonesia. https://doi.org/0910383107 [pii]r10.1073/pnas.0910383107

CICRED. (2005). Reproductive Health, Unmet Needs and Poverty (S. Lerner & E. Vilquin, Eds.). Paris: Committee for International Cooperation in National Resarch in Demography.

Dwi, W., Kartika, D., Kesehatan, F., Universitas, M., Dwi, W., Kartika, D., … Universitas, M. (2014). Faktor yang Memengaruhi Unmet Need Keluarga Berencana. Jurnal Biometrika Dan Kependudukan, 4, 70-75. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-007-0723-8

Fadhila, N. H., Widoyo, R., & Elytha, F. (2017). Unmed Need Keluarga Berencana Pada Pasangan Usia Subur Di Kecamatan Padang Barat Tahun 2015. Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Andalas, 10(2), 151. https://doi.org/10.24893/jkma.v10i2.200

George, N., T., S., Ramachandran, A., Peters, A., & Kiran, P. R. (2018). The unmet needs for family planning and its associated factors among ever married women in selected villages of Anekal taluk, Karnataka: a community based cross sectional study. International Journal Of Community Medicine And Public Health, 5(5), 2048. https://doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20181721

Khalil, S. N., Alzahrani, M. M., & Siddiqui, A. F. (2018). Unmet need and demand for family planning among married women of Abha, Aseer Region in Saudi Arabia. Middle East Fertility Society Journal, 23(1), 31-36. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mefs.2017.07.004

Listyaningsih, U., Sumini, S., & Satiti, S. (2016). Unmet Need: Konsep Yang Masih Perlu Diperdebatkan. Populasi, 24(1), 72-90. https://doi.org/10.22146/jp.23696

Mekonnen, W., & Worku, A. (2011). Determinants of low family planning use and high unmet need in Butajira District, South Central Ethiopia. Reproductive Health, 8(1), 1-8. https://doi.org/10.1186/1742-4755-8-37

Mutiara, E., Sitorus, A., & Novita, S. (2020). Determinants of Unmet Need for Family Planning among Married Women Age 15-49 in Sumatera Utara Province (Analysis of 2017 RPJMN Data). Indian Journal of Public Health. https://doi.org/10.4081/jphia.2020.1084

Nabila, D. T., & Nur, D. (2021). Dukungan Suami dan Unmet Need KB Pada Wanita Pasangan Usia Subur ( WPUS ) Husband’s Support and Unmet Needs Family Planning in Women of Fertile Age Couples ( WFAC ). Jurnal Bikfokes, 1. http://dx.doi.org/10.51181/bikfokes.v1i2.4633

Notoatmodjo, S. (2010). Ilmu Perilaku Kesehatan. Jakarta: Rineka Cipta.

OJK. (2019). Laporan Kinerja 2019. Otoritas Jasa Keuangan, 1-50. https://www.ojk.go.id/id/data-dan-statistik/laporan-kinerja/Pages/-Laporan-Kinerja-OJK-2019.aspx

Ratnaningsih, E. (2018). Analisis Dampak Unmet Need Keluarga Berencana Terhadap Kehamilan Tidak Diinginkan Di Rumah Sakit Panti Wilasa Citarum Semarang. Jurnal Kebidanan, 7(2), 80-94. http://jurnal.unimus.ac.id/index.php/jur_bid

Rismawati, S. (2012). Unmet Need: Tantangan Program KB dalam menghadapi ledakan penduduk 2030. [Tesis]. Bandung: Magister Kebidanan Fakultas Kedokteran UNPAD Bandung. http://pustaka.unpad.ac.id/wp-content/uploads/2014/10/ARTIKEL-UNMET-NEED.pdf

Usman, L. (2013). Analisis Faktor Determinan yang Berhubungan dengan Kejadian Unmet Need KB Pasangan Usia Subur Terhadap Kehamilan yang Tidak diinginkan di Kecamatan Kota Tengah Kota Gorontalo. [Tesis]. Makassar: Program Studi Kesehatan Masyarakat, Universitas Hasanuddin.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.26630/jk.v12i2.2432

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Published by: Politeknik Kesehatan Tanjung Karang

ISSN Online 2548-5695 | ISSN Print 2086-7751
Jl. Soekarno-Hatta No. 6 Bandar Lampung Cq. Tim Jurnal Kesehatan Politeknik Kesehatan Tanjung Karang.
Telepon 0721-783852 Fax. 0721-773918, email: jk@poltekkes-tjk.ac.id


Visitor Statistic :

View My Stats


Creative Commons License
Jurnal Kesehatan is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Flag Counter